A genetically modified organism (GMO) or genetically engineered organism (GEO) is an organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. These techniques, generally known as recombinant DNA technology, use DNA molecules from different sources, which are combined into one molecule to create a new set of genes. This DNA is then transferred into an organism, giving it modified or novel genes. Transgenic organisms, a subset of GMOs, are organisms which have inserted DNA that originated in a different species. Some GMOs contain no DNA from other species and are therefore not transgenic but cisgenic.
Nowadays the sowing area of genetically modified plants is increasing with unprecedented quickness. Whether this is good or bad, there are intensive and passionate professional, political, economic and media discussions on the question. But what exactly are we arguing about?
Did you know that:
…the DNS in itself isn’t a living matter?
…the cloning – should the designated gene originate from anywhere – happens mostly in human bowel bacterium Escheria Coli?
…Dolly, the first cloned sheep succeeded for the 227th attempt?
…the papaya has been saved from extinction by cloning?
The author, an active scientist of genetic engineering, investigates the nature of agricultural GM-technology, its usefulness and hazards. His aim is to give authentic, interesting and amusing information.
“As far as the opinions, hypotheses, speculations, predictions are concerned, I attempt to make them known free from distortions, and – where it is necessary and possible – I’ll
take a stand on them. I have no wish to conceal that I have a clear-cut opinion on most of these issues – which is not the arithmetic mean of the two extreme standpoints.”