The unicorn and other animals - in Byzantium (Kádár Zoltán; Tóth Anna)
Conception of the scientific universe in the Byzantine Empire
This many-coloured world concept, contradicting itself at certain places, is rooted in different soils: in the antique tradition, in the Christian doctrine and in experiences gained during thousands of years mainly from outside the Empire. As regards the antique heritage, the ancient Greek science written in original language and the original illustrations remained untransformed exclusively in the Byzantine manuscripts. The influence of Christian world view is traceable mainly in medical works in the symbolic interpretation of living nature. Commercial connections and conquests of the Empire enabled Byzantium to add new experiences to the inherited knowledge. The method of learning is interpreted widely in the book -- in addition to oral and written knowledge an image representation of the reality is also included. In this respect mainly the illustrations of special scientific works are examined, but also the information delivered by contemporary artistic works concernig living nature and human body are included. The book looks into the relation between scientific and artistic cognition during the cultural development of Byzantine Empire.